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Lexham Methods Series (4 vols.)

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Lexham Methods Series

Understand the Bible better than ever before. The Lexham Methods Series is designed for exegetes who need to learn, refresh, and master the tools of biblical scholarship. The books present scholarly information in an easy-to-understand format and focus on cutting-edge methods for biblical interpretation while avoiding jargon. The four volumes give you a complete overview of every major type of biblical interpretation, featuring history and key figures, methods and terms, and a how-to section, giving you a strong foundation for further research.

Key Features

Lexham Methods Series:

  • Easily reference details about methods of biblical interpretation—Each book is a quick reference for an overview of a type of biblical interpretation, the major elements and terminology of that type of criticism, and examples of using the affiliated methods.
  • Teaches biblical interpretation methods—This educational resource leads you through self-study, including a how-to section with numerous examples. Whether you need a refresher or have never learned biblical interpretation methods, this resource will guide you through what you need to know.
  • Share what you’ve learned—The professionally designed slides present key terms, allowing pastors, academics, and teachers to present the major ideas in a memorable way.
  • Introduces new research and resources—You may encounter new insights and content in these volumes.
  • Curates your library—The links to your Logos library allow you to take your learning to a deeper level. You will agree with some aspects of the content, disagree with others, but you will encounter all of it in biblical studies. This resource guides you through the major elements of biblical studies.
  • Broadens and deepens your biblical education—Each volume clearly and accessibly presents the key figures and moments in the historical development of each type of biblical interpretation, the steps involved in executing the methods affiliated, and concrete examples of how to practice the methods.

Praise for the Lexham Methods Series

Students entering biblical studies courses at the college or seminary level are often baffled by the array of new methodologies they encounter. Reading their Bible and going to church never prepared them for the likes of form criticism, redaction criticism, rhetorical analysis, narrative criticism, or structuralism! What these students need is a simple and clear introduction to the presuppositions, technical terms and goals of these methods. The Lexham Method Series meets this need. Highly recommended. I only wish these volumes were available when I was in seminary!

—Mark L. Strauss, professor of New Testament, Bethel Seminary San Diego

Product Details

  • Title: Lexham Methods Series
  • Editors: Douglas Mangum, Josh Westbury, Amy Balogh, and Douglas Estes
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Volumes: 4
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Textual Criticism of the Bible: Revised Edition

  • Author: Amy Anderson and Wendy Widder
  • Editor: Douglas Mangum
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Pages: 264

Textual Criticism of the Bible provides a starting point for the study of both Old and New Testament textual criticism. In this book, you will be introduced to the world of biblical manuscripts and learn how scholars analyze and evaluate all of that textual data to bring us copies of the Bible in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek that can be used for translating the Bible into modern languages. Textual Criticism of the Bible surveys the field, explains technical terminology, and demonstrates in numerous examples how various textual questions are evaluated. Complicated concepts are clearly explained and illustrated to prepare readers for further study with either more advanced texts on textual criticism or scholarly commentaries with detailed discussions of textual issues. You may not become a textual critic after reading this book, but you will be well prepared to make use of a wide variety of text-critical resources.

Praise for Textual Criticism of the Bible

An excellent, helpful, and practical introduction to the topic for beginners.

—Peter J. Gentry, Donald L. Williams Professor of Old Testament Interpretation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary


  • Introducing Textual Criticism
  • Overview of Textual Criticism
  • Introduction to Old Testament Textual Criticism
  • Introduction to New Testament Textual Criticism
  • Textual Criticism and the Bible Today

Linguistics & Biblical Exegesis

  • Editors: Douglas Mangum and Josh Westbury
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Pages: 256

We rarely think about the way languages work because communicating in our native tongue comes so naturally to us. The Bible was written in ancient Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek—languages no modern reader can claim to have a native understanding of. A better understanding of how language works should help us understand the Bible better as we seek to discern the original intent and meaning of each biblical author. In Linguistics & Biblical Exegesis, you will get a basic introduction to the field of linguistics—its history, its key concepts, its major schools of thought, and how its insights can shed light on various problems in biblical Hebrew and Greek. Learn how the study of language can enhance your Bible study.

Praise for Linguistics & Biblical Exegesis

This is a real gem. It provides an easy-to-follow bird’s eye view of those developments and aspects of linguistics that may be helpful for better understanding the source texts of the Bible. It is a must read for students and exegetes who are serious about understanding the richness but also fascinating complexity of the Biblical texts that are so dear to us.

—Christo Van Der Merwe, professor of biblical Hebrew, Stellenbosch University, South Africa


  • Introduction to Linguistics and the Bible by Wendy Widder
  • Linguistic Fundamentals by Wendy Widder
  • Language in Use by Jeremy Thompson and Wendy Widder
  • Language Universals, Typology, and Markedness by Daniel Wilson and Michael Aubrey
  • Major Approaches to Linguistics by Jeremy Thompson and Wendy Widder
  • Linguistic Issues in Biblical Hebrew by Wendy Widder
  • Linguistic Issues in Biblical Greek by Michael Aubrey
  • The Value of Linguistically Informed Exegesis by Michael Aubrey

Social & Historical Approaches to the Bible

  • Editors: Douglas Mangum and Amy Balogh
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Pages: 280

The Bible was not written and received in a historical vacuum—in fact, the social and historical context of the Bible illuminates key understandings that may have been otherwise missed. Biblical scholars use many different approaches to uncover this context, each engaging various aspects of the social and historical world of the Bible—from religious ritual to scribal practice to historical event. In Social & Historical Approaches to the Bible, you will learn how these methods developed and see how they have been used. Many of these approaches are still in use by biblical scholars today, though often evolved from their earliest form as ideas were revised in light of the challenges and questions posed by further research. You will be introduced to the strengths and weaknesses of each method, so you may understand its benefits as well as see its limitations.

Praise for Social & Historical Approaches to the Bible

Social and Historical Approaches to the Bible is essential reading for students of the content and context of the bible. Adeptly defining, unpacking, and examining several genres of biblical criticism—including chapters each for the historical-grammatical approach, source criticism, form criticism, tradition-historical criticism, redaction criticism, and social-scientific criticism—Social and Historical Approaches to the Bible offers clear, readable, and current information about fundamental perspectives and methods used in biblical studies. This is an indispensable handbook for the shelves of biblical students and professionals alike.

—Erica Muhaisen, professor of philosophy at the University of Colorado (Denver)


  • Introducing Biblical Criticism by Amy Balogh and Douglas Mangum
  • The Historical-Grammatical Approach by Judith Odor
  • Source Criticism by Amy Balogh, Dan Cole, and Wendy Widder
  • Form Criticism by Gretchen Ellis
  • Tradition-Historical Criticism by Gretchen Ellis
  • Redaction Criticism by Jeffery Leonard
  • Social-Scientific Criticsm by Coleman Baker and Amy Balogh

Literary Approaches to the Bible

  • Editors: Douglas Mangum and Douglas Estes
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Pages: 344

The study of the Bible has long included a literary aspect with great attention paid not only to what was written but also to how it was expressed. The detailed analysis of biblical books and passages as written texts has benefited from the study of literature in classical philology, ancient rhetoric, and modern literary criticism. Literary Approaches to the Bible introduces the various ways the study of literature has been used in biblical studies. Most literary approaches emphasize the study of the text alone—its structure, its message, and its use of literary devices—rather than its social or historical background. The methods described in this volume are focused on different ways of analyzing the text within its literary context. Some of the techniques have been around for centuries, but the theories of literary critics from the early 20th century to today had a profound impact on biblical interpretation. In this book, you will learn about those literary approaches, how they were adapted for biblical studies, and what their strengths and weaknesses are.

Praise for Literary Approaches to the Bible

This collection provides an excellent introduction to various methodologies utilized in literary interpretation of the Bible. Each essay gives a definition and explanation of the method being presented, examples of its application to the biblical text, and a balanced assessment of its advantages and limitations. Students and practitioners of biblical interpretation will find this a very helpful introduction to various literary methods of interpretation, which are not presented as the means of interpreting the Bible, but rather one tool to be utilized alongside others to assist the interpreter in grasping the meaning and significance of the text.

—David R. Beck, associate dean of biblical studies, professor of New Testament and Greek, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary


  • The Literary Approach to the Bible by Douglas Estes
  • Canonical Criticism by David Schreiner
  • Old Testament Rhetorical and Narrative Criticism by Suzanna Smith
  • Inner-Biblical Interpretation and Intertextuality by Jeffery Leonard
  • Narrative Criticism of the New Testament by Daniel Brendsel
  • Rhetorical Criticism of the New Testament by Douglas Estes
  • Structural Criticism by Gretchen Ellis
  • Poststructural Criticism by John DelHousaye

About the Editors

Douglas Mangum is an academic editor for Lexham Press. He holds a PhD in Hebrew from the University of Free State and holds a Master of Arts in Hebrew and Semitic Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is an associate editor of the Lexham Bible Dictionary, editor of the Lexham Methods Series, and a regular Bible Study Magazine contributor.

Josh Westbury holds a PhD in Biblical Languages from the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa. He also holds an MA in Biblical Languages from the University of Stellenbosch, a Master of Divinity degree from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary with a focus on exegesis and Biblical Languages, and a BA in Theology and Biblical Languages from Houston Baptist University. Josh currently serves as a Scholar-in-Residence at Faithlife.

Amy L. Balogh is Lead Lecturer of Religious Studies at the Regis University College of Contemporary Liberal Studies. She holds a PhD from the University of Denver and Iliff School of Theology and an MA in Bible and Ancient Semitic Languages from the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. She has served as co-editor for Social & Historical Approaches to the Bible, a contributing editor for DIY Bible Study, and a contributor to Lexham Bible Dictionary and Faithlife Study Bible.

Douglas Estes holds a PhD in Theology from the University of Nottingham. He is Assistant Professor of New Testament and Practical Theology and the Director of the DMin Program at South University—Columbia. Previously he served in pastoral ministry for sixteen years. He is a regular contributor to Bible Study Magazine.

Sample Pages from Textual Criticism of the Bible


5 ratings

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  1. Andy Devine

    Andy Devine


  2. Faithlife User
  3. Daniel Clewley
    This is very interesting to me. Just to see how it all came God took care of His Word, by putting it in just the right hands, is truly amazing to me. I can't wait to delve into this material.
  4. Scott



    Grateful for getting such a wonderful resource at this incredible price.
  5. Eric Fary

    Eric Fary


    Excited to get! Will help with addressing some issues on Textual Criticism in my studies, and see how Lexham goes about their processes. Agree or disagree, helpful.
  6. Wim Evers

    Wim Evers


    Looks very good, thorough and yet easy accessible. And for a very fair price. Can't wait to get it.
  7. Jeffrey A Snyder
    have volume 1 so is there a discount for that?
  8. Randy Butler

    Randy Butler


    Check out the bidding chart... Push this through at $50!
  9. Ross Purdy

    Ross Purdy


    "Alexandrian Text Type" "Includes the earliest and best texts...." Seems to me that the scholarship has not moved much beyond the debunked Westcott and Hort theories of the 1800's. Why isn't the contradictory and confused nature of the Alexandrian Text type pointed out and why does the history not include the important work of Scrivener, Burgon, Sturz, Hodges, Farstad, Pickering, Robinson, and Pierpont? This "guide" seems to promote the incredibly biased critical texts of Nestle, Aland, and the UBS and the nonsensical contradictory canons of NT textual criticism based on eclectic notions. The result of this kind of TC is a text that moves further away from the historical text actually used by the Church and creates a text that was never used by the Church. How can such a "guide" possibly be useful?
  10. Andy Anderson

    Andy Anderson


    15.00 per volume is a quarter of the price, and very affordable for this type of content. Thanks Logos for making this an incredible value.