Seeing the thought flow of a given biblical text is essential to properly understanding its place within Scripture.
The Lexham Context Commentary: New Testament is designed to guide readers through the literary context of the Bible, especially the contextual thought flow at each level of a book’s organization. Each book of the New Testament is clearly outlined and structured, and commentary is provided on increasingly more specific segments of the text, from the book to its major divisions to sections to paragraphs to verses. Readers will gain quick access to the literary thought flow of a New Testament book at whatever level they wish to dip in.
Portions of Lexham Context Commentary: John are still in production. Your resource will automatically update with the remaining content as soon as it’s complete.
Traditional commentaries offer a wealth of information, but an explanation of the author’s flow of thought—how the parts relate to the whole—can get buried in detailed discussions of secondary literature, word usage, and historical background. The notes found in the Lexham Context Commentary deal with the text alone, leaving aside discussions of the opinions of other interpreters or of extra-biblical information from social, cultural, and historical background. The result is a concise, focused view of the biblical text that reveals the literary context of any given New Testament passage.
“Paul wrote Ephesians to a gentile church in which believers are seeking to maintain their faith in the midst of physical and spiritual opposition (4:14; 6:11).” (Ephesians 1:1–6:24)
“The Beatitudes are descriptions of a state of being, not a promise of blessing. Each of these descriptions of a blessed state of being has different results.” (Matthew 5:3–12)
“The primary form of the Gospels is not the sermon or saying.” (source)
“The primary form of the Gospels is story, or narrative” (source)
“If we know how a given text operates in light of its generic traits, we know what to do with the text. Genre is like a blueprint, helping us to see what is before us in a text. Conducting genre analysis is one of the best ways to move beyond the merely descriptive level or plot summary or paraphrase with a biblical text. It is one of the greatest gifts of a literary approach to the Bible.” (source)
Douglas Mangum is an academic editor for Lexham Press. He holds a PhD in Hebrew from the University of Free State and holds an MA in Hebrew and Semitic Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is a Lexham English Bible and Lexham Research Commentary editor, a Faithlife Study Bible contributing editor, a Studies in Faithful Living co-author, a regular Bible Study Magazine contributor, and a frequently consulted specialist for the Lexham Bible Dictionary.
Leland Ryken (Ph.D., University of Oregon) is Professor of English Emeritus at Wheaton College, where he has taught since 1968. He is the author of more than 50 books, including How to Read the Bible as Literature, Words of Delight: A Literary Introduction to the Bible, Windows to the World: Literature in Christian Perspective, and A Complete Handbook of Literary Forms in the Bible.
Wayne A. Rhoden